The fifth pillar of Islam is to make a pilgrimage (Hajj) to Makkah, in Saudi Arabia, at least once in one’s lifetime. This pillar is obligatory for every Muslim, male or female, provided that he/she is physically and financially able to do so.
Abou Hourairah (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “I heard the Prophet (PBUH) say: ‘Whoever does Hajj for the sake of Allah and does not have sexual relations (with his wife), commit sin, or dispute unjustly (during the Hajj), will come back like the day his mother gave birth to him.’” (Bukhari: 1449, Muslim: 1350).
The Hajj is the ultimate form of worship, as it involves the spirit of all the other rituals and demands of the believer great sacrifice. On this unique occasion, up to 3.5 million Muslims from all over the world meet one in the same place at a given time of the year. Regardless of the season, pilgrims wear special clothes (Ihram) – two, very simple, unsown white garments which strips away all distinctions of wealth, status, class and culture. All pilgrims stand together and equal before Allah.
The rites of Hajj, which go back to the time of Prophet Ibrahim who built the Kaabah, are observed over five or six days, beginning on the eighth day of the last month of the year, named Dhoul-Hijjah (pilgrimage). These rites include circumambulations the Kaabah (Tawaf), and going between the mountains of Safah and Marwah, as Hajar (Ibrahim’s wife) did during her search for water for her son Ismail. Then the pilgrims stand together on the wide plain of Arafat and join in prayers for Allah’s forgiveness, in what is often thought of as a preview of the Last Day of Judgment. The pilgrims also cast stones at a stone pillar which represents the place of the Shaitan (Jamarah). The pilgrimage ends with a celebration called Eid Al-Adha, which is celebrated with prayers, the sacrifice of an animal (Qurbani), and the exchange of greetings and gifts in Muslim communities everywhere.
The first condition is that you must be a Muslim. Non-Muslims are, first and foremost, obliged to become Muslims after which the daily, monthly, yearly and once in a lifetime duties of Islam successively become requirements. Hajj is a religious duty which must be accompanied by the correct belief in order for it to be accepted by Allah.
The second and third conditions are those of sanity and puberty. A Muslim should have reached puberty and be of a sound mind for his/ her Hajj to become a duty. Divine rewards and punishments are given as a result of human choice between good and evil. Since a child or an insane person lack the ability to distinguish between good and evil, no religious duties are required of them. This principle of non-obligations are based on the following Hadith in which the Prophet (was reported to have said: “The pen is raised from (the book of deeds) of three: the sleeper until he awakes, the child until he becomes a young man, and the insane until he regains his sanity.”
However, those who help such individuals perform Hajj are rewarded for their efforts. When the Prophet (peace be upon him) was asked by a woman about her child making Hajj, he replied that the child could, but the reward would be given to her. Hence the insane individual who made Hajj while in a state of insanity is still required to make Hajj if he regains his sanity. Likewise, children who make Hajj are required to do so again when they grow up. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Any child who makes Hajj then reaches puberty must make another Hajj.”
The fourth condition is that of ability, which is based on the following Quranic verse: “And, pilgrimage to the House is duty on mankind to Allah for those who can find a way there” [Surat Ali ‘Imran Ayah 97].
Similar statements of the Prophet (peace be upon him) define ability as being sufficient provisions and transportation. Hence, a Muslim must be economically able to make the trip. If he must borrow the money to make the journey, Hajj is not compulsory on him. In the case when one’s family is left in debt or with insufficient funds, it is recommended that such an individual stay home until he is financially able. Muslims with physical disabilities are also not obliged to make Hajj unless they have the economic ability to pay others to carry them. Therefore, only those who are economically and physically able to perform the rigorous rites of Hajj are obliged to do so.
The fifth condition, is that of a Mahram, which concerns women only and could be included under the condition of ability. Since the Prophet (peace be upon him) forbade women from traveling for a distance requiring more than twenty-four hours unaccompanied by a male relative whom she cannot Married (Mahram) women are not obliged to make Hajj unless they have a Mahram to accompany them. Thus, a woman without a Mahram is recommended not to try to make Hajj. However, if the woman has the means and the Mahram, she is obliged to do so. Aisha (May Allah be pleased with her) asked the Prophet (peace be upon him): “O, Messenger of Allah, are women obliged to make Jihad?” he replied, “They must make Jihad in which there is no fighting, in Hajj and Umrah”.
Types of Hajj
The way in which the pilgrimage to Makkah can be performed and the regulations governing its rites vary according to where the pilgrim lives or whether they intend to make Umrah along with Hajj or whether one wants to offer an animal sacrifice or not. These variations have been traditionally grouped into three categories and referred to as the three types of hajj.
Hajj Ifrad, Hajj Qirane and Hajj Tamatou.
Any one of these three permissible methods of hajj, if performed according to their regulations without doing any actions which invalidate them, fulfil the compulsory Islamic requirement of Hajj once in a lifetime. The three permissible kinds of Hajj with the rules and regulations governing each of them are as follows:
Types of Permitted Hajj
Enjoyable Hajj: The pilgrim performing Hajj Tamatou is called Moutamattie. It can only to be done by those living outside the Miqate.
IHRAM: Umrah is combined with Hajj under this type, however, an Ihram is made for the Hajj after coming out of the Ihram of Umrah. The Moutamattie is allowed to do everything that was permitted before going into the state of Ihram.
UMRAH: The Umrah has to be within the months of Hajj and must be completed before beginning the rites of Hajj. After completing Umrah, the pilgrim making Hajj Tamatou must come out of his or her state of Ihram.
TAWAF: The Tawaf made for Umrah takes the place of the arrival Tawaf (Tawaf al-Qoudum). This is then followed by 2 Rak’as Salah near to Ibrahim’s station (In case of heavy traffic he may do the Salah anywhere in the general area to avoid causing problems with those making their Tawaf).
TAHALOULE: The Moutamattie should clip their hair instead of shaving it to come out of his state of Ihram after completing the Umrah part of his/ her pilgrimage.
SACRIFICE: Must offer an animal sacrifice, but if he is unable to do so, he is required to fast for ten days “But if someone cannot afford a sacrifice, he can fast three days during Hajj and seven row days after returning home. That is ten days in all.” [Noble Quran 2:196]
Isolated Hajj. The pilgrim performing Hajj Ifrad is called Moufrid. This type is allowed only for those living within the boundaries (Miqate) from which Ihram is put on.
IHRAM: A pilgrim is required to enter the state of Ihram with the intention of doing Hajj only.
UMRAH: If a Moufrid performs Umrah during the months of Hajj (Shawwal, Dhoul-Qi’Dah & Dhoul-Hijjah) prior to the beginning of the Hajj rites proper (8th of Dhoul-Hijjah), they RE no longer considered a Moufrid. He/ she must now shift to one of the other two types of Hajj combined with Umrah along with them and their regulations must instead be followed.
TAWAF: When the person reaches Makkah, one performs Tawaf for their arrival and Saiye for Hajj known as Tawaf al Qoudoum (the arrival circuit). It is permissible for him/ her to postpone their Saiye for Hajj until after the Tawaf for Hajj.
TAHALOULE: No shaving or clipping hair, as one doesn’t disengage from Ihram. Instead, the person remains in Ihram until after he/she stones Jamrah Al-Aqabah on the Eid day.
SACRIFICE: May offer an animal sacrifice if the person wants to, but is under no obligation to do so.
Accompanied Hajj: The pilgrim performing it Hajj Qirane is called Qirane. It can only be done by those living outside the Miqate. This concession is only for those whose homes are not near the sacred Mosque.
IHRAM: This is Hajj combined with Umrah without coming out of Ihram. The Qirane should enter the state of Ihram with the intention of performing Umrah and Hajj together. The Hajj Qirane is not allowed to come out of the Ihram no matter how long the period between his Umrah and Hajj may be.
UMRAH: For Hajj Qirane, the Umrah has to be done within the months of Hajj (Shawwal, Dhoul-Qi’Dah & the first ten days of Dhoul-Hijjah) and completed before beginning the rites of Hajj.
TAWAF: When one reaches Makkah, they perform Tawaf for his/ her arrival and Saaye for Hajj
TAHALOULE: The Qirane should clip their hair after Umrah instead of shaving it.
SACRIFICE: Must offer an animal sacrifice which he brought along with him from the boundaries known as the Miqate
Doua/ Supplication for Traveling
روى مسلم في صحيحه عن ابْنَ عُمَرَ أَنّ رَسُولَ اللّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ إِذَا اسْتَوَىَ عَلَىَ بَعِيرِهِ خَارِجاً إِلَىَ سَفَرٍ، كَبّرَ ثَلاَثاً، ثُمّ قَالَ: سُبْحَانَ الّذِي سَخّرَ لَنَا هَذَا وَمَا كُنّا لَهُ مُقْرِنِينَ* وَإِنّا إِلَىَ رَبّنَا لَمُنْقَلِبُونَ. اللّهُمّ إِنّا نَسْأَلُكَ فِي سَفَرِنَا هَذَا الْبِرّ وَالتّقْوَىَ. وَمِنَ الْعَمَلِ مَا تَرْضَىَ. اللّهُمّ هَوّنْ عَلَيْنَا سَفَرَنَا هَذَا. وَاطْوِ عَنّا بُعْدَهُ. اللّهُمّ أَنْتَ الصّاحِبُ فِي السّفَرِ. وَالْخَلِيفَةُ فِي الأَهْلِ. اللّهُمّ إِنّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ وَعْثَاءِ السّفَرِ، وَكَآبَةِ الْمَنْظَرِ، وَسُوءِ الْمُنْقَلَبِ، فِي الْمَالِ وَالأَهْلِ“. وَإِذَا رَجَعَ قَالَهُنّ. وَزَادَ فِيهِنّ: “آيِبُونَ، تَائِبُونَ، عَابِدُونَ، لِرَبّنَا حَامِدُونَ“
“Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Subhanal-ladhi sakhkharalanahadha wa ma kunna lahumuqrinin. Wa “inna “ila Rabbina la-munqalibun. Allahumma “inna nas’aluka fi safarina hadhal-birrawat-taqwa, wa-minal-‘amalima tarda, Allahummahawwin ‘alayna safarana hadha watwi ‘anna bu’dahu, Allahumma “Antas-sahibufis-safari, wal-khalifatufil-“ahli, Allahumma “inni “a’udhubika min wa’tha”is-safari, waka’abanl-manzari, wasu”il-munqalabifil-maliwal”ahli”.
Allah is the Most Great. Allah is the Most Great. Allah is the Most Great. Glory is to Him Who has provided this for us though we could never have had it by our efforts. Surely, unto our Lord we are returning. O Allah, we ask You on this our journey for goodness and piety, and for works that are pleasing to You. O Allah, lighten this journey for us and make its distance easy for us. O Allah, you are our Companion on the road and the One in Whose care we leave our family. O Allah, I seek refuge in You from this journey’s hardships, and from the wicked sights in store and from finding our family and property in misfortune upon returning.
When returning, the same words are recited with the following addition: “Ayiboune Taiiboune Abidoune li rabinah hamidoune (Returning, repenting, worshipping and praising our Lord).”
Manners of travel
(A) When a person wants to travel, it is mustahabb for the person to consult those whose religious commitment, experience and knowledge he trusts about travelling at that time. The one who is consulted must be sincere in offering advice and avoid being influenced by whims and desires. Allah says “and consult them in the affairs” [Noble Quran 3:159]. The saheh hadeeth also indicates that the people used to consult the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) regarding their affairs.
(B) Once he has decided to travel, the Sunnah is to seek Allah’s guidance by praying salate Al istikharah. So, one should pray two rakaah of non-obligatory prayer then recite the dua of Al istikharah.
(C) One should seek to please his parents and those whom he/ she is obliged to honour and obey.
(D) If one is travelling for Hajj or for Umrah purposes, he should strive to ensure that his funds are hallal and free from any suspicion. If he goes against this and goes for Hajj or Umrah with wealth that has been seized by force, he is a sinner and although his Hajj or Umrah may be outwardly valid, it will not be a proper Hajj Mabrour.
(E) It is Moustahab for the one who is travelling to Hajj or Umrah for which provision is carried to take a great deal of provision and money with him, so that he can share them with those who are in need. His provisions should be good (i.e., halal) because Allah says (interpretation of the meaning) “O you who believe! Spend of the good things which you have legally earned, and of that which We have produced from the earth for you, and do not aim at that which is bad to spend from it” [Noble Quran 2:267]. He should give willingly so that it will be more likely to be accepted.
(F) It is mustahabb for him to seek a companion who desires good and hates evil, so that if he forgets he can remind him. If he remembers, he can help him and if he happens to be a man of knowledge, he should stick with him because he will help him to avoid bad attitudes such as boredom with travel and he can help him to maintain a noble attitude and encourage him to do so. He should also be keen to please his companion throughout the journey. Each of them should put up with the other and view his companion with respect and be patient with whatever he may do at some times.
(G) It is mustahabb to travel with a group of people, because of the hadeeth of Omar (may Allah be pleased with him) who said The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “If the people knew what I know about being alone, no one would ever travel alone at night” Narrated by al-Boukhari.
(H) It is mustahabb for the group to appoint the best and wisest of their number as their leader, and to obey him, because of the hadeeth of Abu Hurairah who said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “When three people set out on a journey, let them appoint one of their number as their leader”.
(I) It is haram (not allowed) for a woman to travel without a mahram unnecessarily, whether that is a long or a short distance, because of the hadeeth of Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “It is not permissible for a woman who believes in Allah and the Last Day to travel for the distance of one day and one night except with a mahram” Narrated by al-Boukhari and Muslim.
The Etiquette Of Travelling
Shaykh Ibn ‘Outhaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) said: The etiquette of travelling for Hajj is divided into two categories
The obligatory etiquette means that the traveller should fulfil all the obligations and pillars (essential parts) of Hajj, and avoid the things that are forbidden in ihram in particular and the things that are forbidden in general whether they are forbidden in ihram or when not in ihram. Allah says (interpretation of the meaning) “The (pilgrimage) Hajj is (in) the well-known (lunar year) months (i.e. the 10th month, the 11th month and the first ten days of the 12th month of the Islamic calendar, i.e. two months and ten days). So whosoever intends to perform Hajj therein (by assuming Ihram), then he should not have sexual relations (with his wife), nor commit sin, nor dispute unjustly during the Hajj” [Noble Quran 2:197]
The mustahabb etiquette when travelling for Hajj is for a person to do all the things that he should do, such as being generous to people, serving his brothers, putting up with their annoyance, not retaliating to mistreatment, and being kind to them, whether that is after he puts on the ihram or before, because this etiquette is sublime and good, and is required of every believer at all times and in all places.
Miqate word it literally means “a confirmed place”. It is a place beyond which no Muslim who is intending to perform Hajj or ‘Umrah can go towards Makkah without being in a state of Ihram
Miqate sets the boundaries of the Haram from all directions approaching Makkah. Upon crossing the Miqate a person should consider it binding upon himself to respect any rules that may apply to him, as he should consider himself having entered the haram upon crossing the Miqate.
Proceeding in Ihram at the time of crossing the Miqate is one of the rules binding upon those who enter the haram with the intention of Hajj or Umrah
The Miqate (places for assuming Ihram): Dhoul Houlayfa. They are for those who live in Madinah and those who pass by them intending Hajj or Umrah. And he whose house is nearer than them to Makkah then he makes Ihram from his house, the people of Makkah making Ihram from Makkah.
Dhoul Houlayfa is the place for the people of Madinah and is a village 12 miles away – and it is the furthest Miqate from Makkah. The Miqate is about 12 kilometres from Madinah and about 450 kilometres from Makkah. This Miqate is very known as ABIYAR ALI
How to perform Hajj
The literal meaning of Ihram is to make haram (forbidden). When a haj pronounces the Niyah (intention) of Hajj and Umrah and utters Talbiyah, certain hallal (permissible) things become haram for him. This combined action (Niyah and Talbiyah) is called Ihram. The two sheets that a haji wears are figuratively known as Ihram but the real Ihram is Niyah & Talbiyah. If someone wears these two sheets and does not declare his intention and utter Talbiyah, he does not become a Mouhrim. That is why, before Niyah and Talbiyah, he can cover his head during two rakaah, an act which is not allowed in the real state of Ihram
Prohibitions of Ihram
After intention and Talbiyah, you are in the status of Ihram and from this time on you should not do acts that are forbidden in Ihram, for example, here are some of the things a Mouhrim must not do:
Procedure of Ihram
“Labaik, here we come,
Allahouma Labaik Allah, here we come!
Labaik. Here we come.
La Sharika Laka. No partner have You.
Labaika. Here we come!
Ina Al Hamda wa-Niamata Praise indeed, and blessings, are Yours—
Laka wa al Moulke. the Kingdom too!
La Sharika lake. “No partner have You!)
Journey towards Makkah. When this sacred journey towards Makkah al-Mukkaramah starts, recite Talbiyah frequently on the way. Then enter the city very humbly and with great fondness still reciting Talbiyah.
Umrah guide at a glance
First Day of Hajj
7th of Dhoul Al Hijja start preparation for hajj days
8 Dhoul Al Hijjah Going to Mina for Tarwiyah
The date 8 DHULHIJA starts after the Isha prayer of 7 DHULHIJA Complete all the Hajj preparations during these night hours.
Preparations for Ihram
Comb your hair, shape the beard, trim your moustache, cut your nails, and remove unwanted body hair.
Take a bath with the intention of Ihram otherwise do woudu.
Men should wear a sheet of white cloth around the waist and cover the upper body with the other sheet. Women’s ordinary clothes are their Ihram. Both should wear the flip-flops so that the middle bones of the upper part of the feet are not covered. Pray two Rakaa (Optional)
Intention and Talbiyah
Declare your intention saying: “O Allah! I intend to perform Hajj. Please make it easy for me and accept it from me. Amen.” Immediately after that utter the words of Talbiyah three times and as often afterwards as possible. Men should say it in a loud voice but women should say it in a subdued tone.
Prohibitions of Ihram
Now the prohibitions of Ihram start. Recall their detail and follow the rules. From this point on men cannot cover their heads for the duration of Ihram.
Departure to Mina for Tarwiyah
After the Fajr prayer proceed towards Mina. On the way, pronounce Talbiyah as often as you can and also utter other supplications. But it is ok to follow the procedure of your group leader who usually arranges for hajis to leave for Mina during the night after Isha prayers.
Once in Mina Pray each prayer shortened and at its respective time Dhouhr, Asr, Maghrib and Isha prayers. Spend the night in Mina and on 9 Dhoul Al Hijja, if you already have not left for Arafat offer Fajr prayer there.
Second day of Hajj (9 Dhoul Al Hijja)
Departure for Arafat
Pray Fajr, make your way & get ready to Arafat any time after sunrise. Start Takbir (Allahou Akbar, Allahou Akbar La ilaha ila-Allah wa Allahou Akbar, Allahou Akbar wa Lillahi Al-Hamde) and Talbiyah.
Wouqoof is started at the beginning of zawal (declining of the sun) and ends at the sunset. Spend this time uttering Talbiyah, repent on your sins, seek forgiveness and mercy of Allah, say all the supplications (doua) read Quran in your own language. It is better to do Wouqoof in the tents while sitting down.
Dhouhr and Asr Prayers
The imam leads Dhouhr and Asr prayers, shortened & combined Jam’ Takdim at Dhouhr time with one adhan but separate iqama.
Departure for Mouzdalifah
When the sun sets in in Arafat, proceed to Mouzdalifah without offering Maghrib & Isha prayers with Jamaah reciting dhikr and Talbiyah on the way.
Maghrib and Isha Prayers
In Muzdalifah we pray Maghrib and Isha shortened n& combined (jam’ ta’khir) together with Jamaah. For both prayers, there is one adhan and one iqama.
Dhikr and Doua
This is a very blessed night in which glorify Allah, read Quran, utter Talbiyah and supplicate and istighfare very humbly. Also, take some rest.
Pick up forty-nine pebbles of the size of big grams (chick peas) if Ramye is to be performed for three days and seventy if for four days.
Fajr Prayer and Wouqoof
At the Fajr time after two rakaah Sunnah, offer Fardhe prayer with Jamaah.
Return to Mina
Proceed to Mina when the sun is about to rise or When directed by the group team leader.
Third Day of Hajj (10 Dhoul al Hijja)
Ramye of Jamarate Al Aqabah
Pray Fajr in Mina , engage in supplication and after sunrise head towards Pelt the big Jamarate Al Aqabah with seven pebbles one after the other. On account of risk to life, the old, weak or sick persons can perform Ramye a little before sunset.
Stop saying Talbiyah when you throw the first pebble. Also, don’t stop for doua. Just go to your residence in mina and do Qurbani (animal sacrifice).
Qurbani (Animal Sacrifice)
There are three days designated for Qurbani, 10, 11 & 12Dhoul Al Hijja Hijjah.
Halqe or Qasr
After Qurbani men should preferably get their whole head shaved (Halqe) but it is permissible to cut the hair (Qasr) of their whole head equal in length to a joint of a finger (about an inch). It is also permissible to cut the hair (about an inch) of one fourth of the head. A woman is prohibited to shave her head. She can cut about an inch long hair of one fourth of her head. But according to some scholars it is sufficient for a woman to have a lock of her hair clipped.
Tawaf Al Ifadah
Now perform Tawaf Al Ifadah. It can be performed any time, day or night, from 10, 11 or 12 of Dhoul Al Hijjah to the sunset and return to Mina before Fajr of next day (spent 3 nights in mina).
Its procedure is similar to that of Tawaf of Umrah and it is essential that you have performed woudu. According to Sunnah this tawaf is to be performed after Ramye, sacrifice and shaving or clipping of the hair, and every effort should be made to do that, but the Fardhe stands discharged even if Tawaf Al Ifadah is performed prior to all these practices. As mentioned earlier, Halqe or Qasr after Qurbani lifts all the prohibitions of Ihram but the private relations between man and wife are permitted only after this Tawaf.
Saaye of Hajj
After this perform Saaye. Its procedure is the same as that of Saaye of Umrah. It is a Sunnah to make sure that your woudu is intact
Return to Mina
when Saaye is done return to Mina camp, during the stay in mina, pray prayer shortened and at its respective time.
Fourth Day of Hajj (11 Dhoul Al Hijja)
Ramye of Jamarate
Pray Fajr, Throw seven pebbles on each of three Jamarate (21 in total ) after zawal (decline of the sun). Ramye is usually easy a little before sunset and at night. And it is permissible to do Ramye at night if there is a risk to life.
Throw seven pebbles at Jamarate Soughra (small Jamarah). Then move a little forward. And with your hands raised and facing Qibla, praise Allah and recite Arabic doua or supplicate in your own words. There are no prescribed doua.
After this throw seven pebbles at Jamrah Wousta (middle Jamarah). Here too facing Qibla, praise Allah and earnestly seek his mercy and blessings. No particular doua is prescribed here either.
Do not supplicate
Then throw seven pebbles on Jamrah Aqabah (Big Jamarah). But this time do not supplicate at all, after Ramye just return to your place in mina.
Second chance for Tawaf Al Ifadah
If you could not do Tawaf Al Ifadah (farewell Tawaf) yesterday, do it today and return to Mina for overnight stay.
Dikre and Ibadah reciting Quran
Return to Mina camp, during the stay in mina, pray prayer shortened and at its respective time, recite Quran, glorify Allah, repent on your sins, and seek forgiveness. Ask Allah whatever you want and don’t commit any sin.
Fifth Day of Hajj (12th of Dhoul Al Hijja)
Ramye of Jamarate
Pray Fajr, throw seven pebbles on each of three Jamarate (21 in total) after zawal (decline of the sun). Ramye is usually easy a little before sunset and at night. And it is permissible to do Ramye at night if there is a risk to life.
Pelt all Three Jamarate – with 7 pebbles each (21 in total) Then move a little forward. And with your hands raised and facing Qibla, praise Allah and recite doua or supplicate in your own words. There are no prescribed doua.
After this throw seven pebbles at Jamarate Al Wousta. And facing Qibla, glorify Allah, recite and supplicate earnestly for whatever you desire. There is no doua prescribed for this occasion.
Do not supplicate
Tawaf Al Wadaa (Farewell Tawaf)
After Hajj, when you intend to return to your country from Makkah, or going to Madinah it is Wajib (obligatory) to perform Tawaf Al Wadaa (Farewell Tawaf).
Departing to Madinah
Pray in Masjid Al Nabawi
It is recommended to pray all the prayers in Al-Masjid al-Nabawi (the Prophet’s mosque). Abou Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the prophet (peace be upon him) said (A prayer in this mosque of mine is better than a thousand prayers in other mosques except for al Masjid Al-Haram).
The significance and virtue of masjid Nabawi
It is agree that the visit of the Prophet (peace be upon him) is one of the greatest blessings and best acts of submission. The visitor must also intend to visit the prophet’s mosque as we were told that a prayer there is better than a thousand prayers in other mosques except for Al-Masjid al-Haram. The Messenger of Allah peace be upon him said:
“Journeys are only set out for three mosques: Al-Masjid al-Haram, my mosque and Al-Masjid al-Aqsa”.
And Ibn Omar (May Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, said:
“Whoever visits my grave surely will receive my intercession”.
Etiquette of the visit
While heading towards Madinah, the visitor should send blessings and salutations upon the Prophet (peace be upon him) as much as possible and to beseech Allah to make him benefit from his visit and to accept his deed, and he invokes: (O Allah! Open the gates of Your Mercy for me and grant me with the visit of Your prophet (peace be upon him) what you have granted Your allies and obedient worshippers, and pardon me and have mercy upon me. You are the best Grantor).
It is preferable to have a bath (Ghusl) before he enters Madinah, to wear his cleanest clothes and to summon heartily the honour of Madinah.
So, when he arrives at the door of the Prophet’s Mosque (peace be upon him), he should forward his right leg while entering and his left leg when leaving.
He enters and goes to Al-Rawdha (the garden) (The area between the pulpit and the tomb has a green carpet, whereas the rest of the mosque has a red carpet). He prays two rakaa’, then goes to the prophet’s tomb and he stands in front of his honoured face (peace be upon him) at about four cubits (a cubit is 18 inches) from the wall of the honoured tomb, in absolute reverence. Then he salutes without raising his voice, but in a tone between a concealed and an audible voice, out of respect to the Prophet (peace be upon him).
The visitor invokes with all his heart lowering his gaze and voice in calmness and stillness:
“Peace be upon you Messenger of Allah, peace be upon you Prophet of Allah, peace be upon you the dearly loved by Allah, peace be upon you the best blessed among Allah’s creatures, peace be upon you the favoured by Allah, peace be upon you chief of Messengers and the seal of the prophets, peace be upon you leader of “al-gore al-mouhajaleen” (those who have white spots on their foreheads and are white-footed from prayers and ablution), peace be upon you and upon your sincere virtuous family, peace be upon you and upon your chaste wives, mothers of the believers, peace be upon you and upon all your companions, peace be upon you and upon all good servants of Allah. May Allah reward you Messenger of Allah on our behalf as best He rewarded a prophet and a Messenger for his nation, and may Allah send his blessings upon you whenever praises mention you and unmindful people forget mentioning you. I testify there is no deity but Allah and I testify that you are His slave and Messenger, His faithful trustee and the best among his creatures. I testify that you have delivered the Message, and fulfilled the Trust, and advised the nation and struggled for the sake of Allah in the best way.”
(He who doesn’t have enough time for that or is unable to memorise the invocation, he may say some parts of the mentioned form)
If anyone entrusted him to salute Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) he should say: ” Greetings to you, Messenger of Allah from so and so, son of so and so”.
Then he moves about a cubit to the right and greets Abu Bakr (May Allah be pleased with him) and says: “Peace be upon you the Prophet’s Caliph, peace be upon you companion of Allah’s Messenger in the cave, peace be upon you his companion in travels, peace be upon you the keeper of his secrets. May Allah reward you for Islam and Muslims. O Allah! I ask You to be pleased with him and be pleased with us for him”.
Then he moves about a cubit to the right and greets ‘Umar (May Allah be pleased with him) saying: “Peace be upon you the leader of believers, peace be upon you by whom Allah supported this religion. May Allah reward you the best reward for Islam and Muslims. O Allah, I ask You to be pleased with him and be pleased with us for him”.
Then he returns to the honourable Rawdha (Garden) and prays and invokes as much as possible.
Visiting Al-Baqii’ & the martyrs of Uhud and Masjid Qouba
It is desirable to go to Al-Baqii’ everyday at any times after saluting Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him). When he gets there, he says:
“Peace be upon you the home of the righteous believers, and we are – by Allah’s will – your followers. O Allah! Forgive the dwellers of Al-Baqii’, O Allah! forgive us and them”.
The visitor should pay a visit to Masjid Qouba’ to pray two rakaa there as the Prophet (peace be upon him).
It is also recommended to visit the martyrs of Uhud any times, especially the leader of martyrs Hamza – the uncle of the prophet (peace be upon him).
Leaving Madinah and travelling
It is desirable for the visitor when he want to depart and travel to take leave of the Prophet’s mosque by performing two rak’as and invoking for what he likes then he comes to the Noble Presence (Al Rawdha al-Sharifah), pays salutations as he had done earlier and invokes with insistence earnestly and says farewell to the Prophet (peace be upon him) saying: “O Allah! Do not make this visit the last one to the Haram of Your Messenger (peace be upon him) and make my return to the two holy mosques an easy way by Your favor and grace, grant me pardon, good health and protection in this world and in the Hereafter and return us safely, sound and prosperous to our countries.
“Labbayka Allaahumma labbayk, labbayka laa shareeka laka labbayk, innal-humda wan- ni mata laka wal-mulk, laa shareeyka lak”
YOUR HAJJ IS NOW COMPLETE.